Top 10 Guard Dog Breeds
A guard dog is used to watch for and guard its owners against unwanted animals and/or people. Despite the fact that some breeds are commonly used as guard dogs, opinions differ widely on which breed is the absolute best in this regard. Some people misconstrue a good guard dog with aggressiveness. WRONG!!!!
A good guard dog not only protects its owners against threats but is also manageable. They can differentiate between routine and dangerous situations and not become a liability to their families.
We have compiled a list of the top 10 guard dog breeds taking into factor their protective instinct, physical ability, trainability, assertiveness and over all temperament. This article was written for general information. Please remember that dogs are living beings and like people every dog has a unique personality. If you want a guard dog then the breed characteristics will serve only as general guidelines. How your dog turns out in the end will ultimately depend on how much effort you put into its training and the love you give it.
1) Doberman (Doberman Pinscher)
The Doberman’s frequent use as a military, search & rescue, police and guard dog all over the world speaks volumes about this great and versatile breed. This medium to large, squarely built dog is highly athletic and one of the most intelligent dog breeds in the world. Doberman’s are ranked as the 5th most intelligent dog in the category of obedience command training. This breed was created by Karl Doberman around 1890’s from a variety of dog breeds as a personal protection dog. These dogs have wrongly been stereotyped as unmanageable and overly aggressive. They are extremely loyal to their family. As a personal protection dog they are fearless and capable guardians and sufficiently obedient and restrained to only do so on the command of their owner. Various studies have ranked Doberman Pinschers low on sociability, high in playfulness, average in curiosity/fearlessness, low on aggressiveness and low on sociability.
Their intelligence, physical strength and stamina, fearless personality and uncompromising loyalty to their owner make them the number one guard dog on our list.
2) German Shephard (Alsatian)
German Shephards are one the most recognizable and popular dog breeds in the world. This agile, large and powerful dog is also ranked highly in intelligence and is widely used in police and military roles. German Shephards are a relatively new breed originating in the 1890’s from Germany.
This breed was developed particularly for their intelligence a trait for which they are now famous. They are considered to be the 3rd most intelligent dog breed, behind Border Collies and Poodles. German Shepherds self-assured and highly active dogs. Their protective nature, high trainability factor and physical strength make them a highly recommended guard dog.
The Rottweiler is an ancient dog breed which originated in Germany and was originally used as herd guards and protection dogs. This is a medium / large breed with compact and powerful body, a broad deep chest and muscular neck. Rottweilers have a fearless and self assured nature. They have generally good temperament if raised by a firm owner.
There credentials as a guard dog are great because of a natural desire to protect family and home. It is an intelligent dog of extreme adaptability and hardiness with a strong willingness to work, making them especially suited as a guardian and companion. The exceptional strength of the Rottweiler makes it a menacing appearance to any intruder.
4) Dogo Argentino (Argentinian Mastiff)
The Dogo Argentino is of Argentinean origin and primarily bred for the purpose of big game hunting. It is a large, white and muscular dog that is renowned for its courage, strength and stamina. Dogos are a dominant breed and require a firm and experienced owner. Their highly protective nature, absolute fearlessness and physical ability makes them excellent guard dogs.
5) Boerboel (South African Mastiff)
The Boerboel is a large and powerful dog of South African origin specifically bred to defend the homestead. It is believed that the breed was created from interbreeding dogs brought to Africa by European settlers and native African canine species. Boerbels have a have strong territorial instinct and due to their calm and confident nature they remain the guard dog of choice for many African farmers. Boerbels are a powerful and headstrong breed and require obedience training from a young age. This breed is highly recommended for strong and dominant owners.
6) Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff)
Although the origins of Dogue de Bordeaux can be traced back to the 13th century they were introduced to the world at large in the movie ‘Turner and Hooch’. They were originally bred as war dogs and herd protectors. This powerful and athletic breed has a menacing look that ought to scare of most unwanted intruders. These dogs are vigilant without aggressiveness, protective and even tempered. These characteristics allow the douge to be a good judge of situations and only react aggressively when they feel their home and family are threatened. Like all guard dogs, this breed has a naturally dominant personality and should be trained accordingly from an early age.
7) Cane Corso (Italian Mastiff)
Cane Corso is a medium large dog of Mastiff type of Italian Owners. The Corso gives the appearance of power and athleticism. This breed has an even, calm and stable temperament making them easy to obedience training. The corso have a natural willingness to please and form a close attachment with their owners. Aggression should never be encouraged in corso as they are highly suspicious of strangers. They are generally a quiet breed and bark only when they feel something is out of the ordinary. Corso come 7th on our list based on their protective nature along with a lot of attention from their owners.
The Bullmastiff is a large and ferocious looking dog of English origin. Their physical power combined with natural guardian instincts are great for families as these dogs can alternate between a capable protector and playful pet.
9) Ca De Bou (Majorca Mastiff)
The Ca De Bou, originating from the island of Mallorca, is a medium large dog with an independent, courageous and combative personality. The have a well balanced psychology and reserved temperament. Early socialization and strict training methods are required to groom the excellent guardian instincts in this breed.
10) Fila Brasileiro (Brazilian Mastiff)
The Fila Brasileiro was introduced to the new world by conquistadors primarily for hunting and guarding ranches. This is a large and squarely built dog breed with an ambling gait and a massive head. The fila is a courageous, determined and fearless dog which is deeply attached to its family. On the basis of guard dog characteristics this breed would be on the top of any list but fila’s have a natural tendency to deeply dislike any stranger. This aggressiveness towards any and all strangers makes the breed suitable for only the most experienced and firm owners.